HOW ELECTRICITY GETS TO YOUR HOME OR BUSINESS IN PERTH
1. THE POWER STATION
Power stations generate electricity that is the first step.
These power stations are huge and are usually located near energy sources. These are energy Sources such as coal mines, natural gas production plants, or hydro-electric plants.
Once this power is generated, the electricity needs to be delivered to where it is to be used and where the users are located, which is usually in cities and major towns – this is where the grid comes in.
2. SUBSTATION TRANSFORMER
The first substation transformer raises the voltage of the electricity so it can be transported efficiently through the transmission networks to smaller distribution networks (commonly knows as the poles and wires system).
3. TRANSMISSION NETWORK
The transmission networks is what moves the electricity from the power stations to the distribution networks so it can be passed into your home or business.
The electricity is transmitted at high voltages so that large amounts can travel efficiently over long distances.
4. THE SECOND SUBSTATION TRANSFORMER
The Transformer lowers the voltage of the electricity ready to deliver for everyday use.
When the electricity passes though the distribution networks, it goes through substations, this is where the transformers lower the voltage of the electricity ready to deliver for everyday use.
5. DISTRIBUTION POWER LINES
These Power Lines carry electricity to its final destination, such as your home or business.
These powerlines are sometimes underground but mostly they are visible along the sides of roads.
6. YOUR HOME & BUSINESS
Electricity is used by us everyday.
We use it for many things from charging our phones, lighting and heating and power and appliances.
Every building that uses electricity has a meter for measuring consumption and a switchboard for dividing the electricity up into circuits for each area of the building.
ELECTRICITY METERS & CIRCUITS IN YOUR HOME OR BUSINSESS & HOW THEY WORK
To measure consumption a meter is required on every building that uses electricity. This meter is what the Network Operator takes the reading from so that the supplier can bill you correctly for what you actually use.
This is how the electricity comes from the POWER STATION to YOUR BUSINESS or HOME it is all very complex but in the end it gets to you to make things work.
A circuit allows the electric current flow through to perform a function, to make the power work at your location. The wires in your home or business carry the electricity from the circuits to switches and outlets at your premises.
The fuses or circuit breakers stop the circuits from overloading.
A circuit breakers automatically turns off the circuit when too much electricity flows through it. Fuses do a very similar job, but the wires melt in order to break the circuit.